LINCOLN, Nebraska (Colin) – The Nebraska Department of Agriculture and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service have announced the ninth confirmed case of highly pathogenic avian influenza. The latest case was discovered in Nebraska in April.
The Ninth Farm, a small backyard herd, is located in Dawes County.
According to Dr. Roger Dudley, an NDA veterinarian, the herd has been humanely evacuated and disposed of in an approved manner. In addition, the NDA will establish a 6.2-mile observation zone, as is the case with USDA policy, around damaged buildings. Poultry producers in the control area should know the signs and symptoms of highly pathogenic avian influenza and immediately report sick or dying birds to the Food and Poultry Administration.
Highly virulent avian influenza (HPAI) is a highly contagious virus that spreads easily among birds through nasal and eye secretions as well as manure. The virus can spread in different ways from flock to flock, including by wild birds, through contact with infected poultry, through equipment, and on the clothes and shoes of caretakers. Wild birds can carry the virus without getting sick, while domestic birds can get very sick.
Symptoms of highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry include: a decrease in water consumption; Lack of energy and appetite. decreased egg production or eggs with a soft, deformed shell; Nasal secretions, coughing and sneezing. inconsistency. and diarrhea. Highly virulent avian influenza can also cause sudden death in birds even if they have no other symptoms. HPAI can live for weeks in contaminated environments.
The NDA encourages bird owners to prevent contact between their birds and wildlife and to practice strict biosecurity measures. If producers suspect signs of highly virulent avian influenza in their flock, they must notify the NDA immediately at (402) 471-2351. More information for the producers can be found at https://nda.nebraska.gov/animal/avian/index.html or http://healthybirds.aphis.usda.gov.
Enhanced biosecurity helps prevent the entry and spread of viruses and diseases including highly pathogenic Avian Influenza. The NDA and USDA have resources available to help poultry owners step up their biosecurity efforts.
- Know the warning signs of contagious avian diseases such as HPAI. Watch out for signs of unusual behavior, severe illness, and/or sudden deaths.
- Restrict access to your property and poultry.
- Keep it clean. Put on clean clothes, scrub shoes/boots with disinfectant, and wash your hands thoroughly before and after coming into contact with your flock.
- If you, your employees, or your family are on other farms or in other places where livestock and/or poultry are located, clean and sanitize your vehicle’s tires and equipment before going home.
- Do not share equipment, tools, or other supplies with other livestock or poultry owners.
- In addition to practicing good biosecurity, all bird owners should prevent contact between wild birds and birds, and ensure that wild birds do not have access to poultry feed and water sources.
- Report sick birds immediately to: NDA at 402-471-2351; USDA at 866-536-7593; or your vet. Early detection is important to prevent the spread of disease.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the risk of people becoming infected with HPAI from birds is low. No human cases of avian influenza have been detected in the United States.
All poultry entering Nebraska must be accompanied by a VS Form 9-3 or a certificate of veterinary examination (CVI, or health certificate). If you are considering moving an animal to Nebraska from an affected state, please call 402-471-2351 to learn more. Poultry owners in Nebraska wishing to ship poultry out of the state should consult state veterinarians in their destination countries about import requirements.
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